英语四级作文

报纸是怎样出版的(How a Newspaper Is Produced)

   
报纸是怎样出版的(How a Newspaper Is Produced)
    Every morning, the newspaper chief editor holds a meeting with the journalists. They discuss the main events of the day. Reporters are then sent to cover the events.
    As soon as the reporters know what to write about, they get down to work. They telephone people and fix a time for a face to face interview with them. Sometimes they do telephone interviews. Checking information is very important. They go to the newspaper' s own library to look up any information that they need. This is called "doing one's homework."
    At the same time, the picture editor decides which photographs are needed for the next day's paper. Photographers are sent to take the pictures. Sometimes old ones are used from the newspaper's own picture library. Doing this can save a lot of time and money.
    All the people working on a newspaper must be able to work fast. For example, there might be a big fire, or an important person night die. In this situation, everyone has to move fast. Journalists have to stop working on one story and start working immediately on the important new one. They must find out the new information as quickly as possible. A photographer is sent immediate[y to take photographs.
    Later in the day, everything is put together at the news desk. The chief editor decides which will be the most imporrant story on the front page. Sometimes this will have to be changed if someching more important happens late in the day. Other editors read the written stories and make any necessary changes. They a[so write the head lines for each story.
    Finally, there is no more time left for adding new stories and the time for printing has come. This is done on fastmoving printing machines. The newspapers are then delivered by lorry, plane or rail Speed is important. People want to buy the latest newspaper, nobody wants to buy yesterday's.

[参考译文]
报纸是怎样出版的
    每天早晨,报纸主编同记者开会,讨论当天的主要事件,然后就派记者去采访。
    采访记者们一旦知道所要写的新闻,就着手工作。他们同有关人士打电话,约定时间进行面对面采访。有时,也进行电话采访。核实情况的工作非常重要。他们到报社自己的图书馆去查找资料。这项工作叫“完成家庭作业”。
    与此同时,图片编辑要决定第一天报纸所需的照片。于是派摄影记者去拍照。有时可利用社里图书馆的旧照片。这样可以节约时间和金钱。
    报社里所有的工作人员都必须快速地进行工作。例如,可能发生火灾,或者某个重要人物去世了。在这种情况下,每个人都必须迅速行动。记者不得不放下手头的事,立即开始围绕发生的重要事件进行工作。他们必须尽快查明情况。报社还要立即派摄影记者去摄像。
    在当天晚些时候,所有的东西都要集中在发稿台。由主编决定哪篇报道重要,应安排在头版。在当天快结束时如发生了更重要的事,那么,头版的消息还得做更改。其他编辑审阅写好的报道,并作必要的修改。他们还要给每篇报道写标题。
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